The hottest national development and Reform Commis

2022-08-13
  • Detail

Q & A on the implementation of the 4trillion yuan investment plan of the national development and Reform Commission Q & A on the implementation of the 4trillion yuan investment plan of the national development and Reform Commission Q & A: in order to cope with the impact of the international financial crisis, the central government decided to implement an active fiscal policy and a moderately loose monetary policy, quickly introduce and constantly enrich and improve the package plan to deal with the crisis and promote development, This includes the central government's new investment of 1.18 trillion yuan in two years, driving a total investment plan of 4trillion yuan. All sectors of society are very concerned about the 4trillion yuan investment plan. Please briefly introduce the implementation and results of the 4trillion yuan investment plan

answer: at present, the construction of 4trillion yuan investment plan projects is progressing smoothly, and the guiding and driving role of central investment continues to show, and remarkable results have been achieved

first, it has played an important role in stimulating the investment of the whole society and stabilizing the economy. In accordance with the overall requirements of the central government for "fast, heavy and accurate", all local departments quickly improved and implemented the organization, policies and supervision of the central investment project. The size and quantity of the three (1) GH2132 alloy 'phases after heat treatment affect the strength guarantee system of the alloy, and accelerate the project construction. Driven by the central government's policy of expanding investment, the investment growth momentum of the whole society was strong. In the first nine months, the investment of the whole society increased by 33.4%, an increase of 6.4 percentage points over the same period last year. The investment structure was further optimized, and the investment in agriculture, education, health, social security, culture and other livelihood projects, which are mainly encouraged and supported by the state, increased significantly by 42% to 72% year-on-year. The GDP in the third quarter increased by 8.9%, an increase of 1 and 2.8 percentage points respectively over the first half and the first quarter

second, it has laid a solid foundation for further strengthening "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" and improving people's livelihood. We have strengthened rural livelihood projects and agricultural infrastructure construction, vigorously supported rural drinking water safety, rural electricity improvement, rural roads, rural biogas, rural reconstruction of dilapidated houses and other projects, continuously improved rural production and living conditions, and built a large number of people-friendly projects related to the vital interests of the people. Among the four batches of central investment this year, investment in livelihood projects accounted for more than 50%. By the end of August, 11000 grassroots medical and health service projects had been completed, and nearly 4million square meters of rural junior middle school buildings had been transformed; 270000 low rent housing units were completed and 1.26 million units were under construction; Solve the problem of drinking water safety for 22.78 million rural people, and build 2.47 million rural biogas projects, 200000 kilometers of rural roads, and 103000 kilometers of rural power lines

Third, we have actively promoted the strategic adjustment of economic structure and the transformation of development mode. We should take accelerating structural adjustment and the transformation of development mode as the main direction of maintaining steady and rapid economic development. The central investment plays the role of "four or two transfers", such as allocating 20billion yuan of central investment to support the adjustment and revitalization of key industries and promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. The pace of technological transformation of enterprises has been significantly accelerated, and the localization of major equipment has been actively promoted. We strengthened the construction of independent innovation capacity, and started the construction of a number of high-tech industrialization projects. Adhere to energy conservation and emission reduction as an important starting point for expanding domestic demand and maintaining growth, and support the construction of ten key energy conservation projects, urban sewage and garbage facilities and supporting pipes, and water pollution prevention and control in key river basins. By the end of August, a sewage treatment capacity of 5.18 million tons/day and a garbage treatment capacity of 16000 tons/day had been built, forming an energy-saving capacity of 6.69 million tons of standard coal and 131 million tons of water-saving capacity

fourth, the construction of major infrastructure has been steadily promoted, and the post Wenchuan earthquake recovery and reconstruction have been carried out effectively and orderly. Focus on alleviating the bottleneck constraints of infrastructure, accelerate the construction of major infrastructure, and enhance the stamina for long-term development. A number of major railway projects including Harbin Dalian railway, Wuhan Guangzhou railway, Nanning Guangzhou railway and Guiyang Guangzhou railway have been accelerated, with a mileage of nearly 1500 kilometers. Large and medium-sized water conservancy projects such as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project are progressing smoothly, and nearly 1500 large and medium-sized water conservancy projects have been basically completed. The transformation of roads, airports and urban electricity was carried out in an orderly manner. Adhering to the principle of people-oriented, respecting nature, unification and revealing the plastic limit order, it is planned to start the policy of comprehensive and scientific reconstruction in early 2018, speed up the post Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction, and further improve the regional economic development capacity. By the end of August, more than 505 billion yuan had been invested, accounting for 50.5% of the total planned investment, achieving more than half of the time and half of the investment. Among them, 73.4% of the urban and rural housing investment has been completed, and more than 40% of the infrastructure and public service facilities have been completed. The original three-year target is expected to be basically completed within two years

with the effective implementation of the package plan, including the 4trillion yuan investment plan, there are more and more positive factors in the current economic operation, and the momentum of stabilizing and improving is becoming increasingly obvious. Practice has proved that the macroeconomic policies and packages adopted by the central government in response to the international financial crisis are timely, powerful and effective. Next, in the implementation of the 4trillion yuan investment plan, we should pay more attention to people's livelihood, pay more attention to "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", pay more attention to structural adjustment and independent innovation, and pay more attention to energy conservation, emission reduction and ecological construction

Q: there is a saying in the current society that the 4trillion yuan investment plan has a "crowding out effect" on private investment. Some people say that "the construction field of government public investment has squeezed the space of private investment", and others say that "expanding the scale of government public expenditure has limited the source of funds for private investment". What do you think of this

A: after careful analysis and research, we believe that the 4trillion yuan investment plan will not have a "crowding out effect" on private investment

first, we should implement the 40000 yuan investment plan, which are relatively standardized and value-added products, and will not occupy the space of private investment. Since the second half of last year, under the circumstances of serious contraction of external demand and general downturn of investment confidence and willingness of enterprises, the central government has timely and decisively introduced ten measures to expand domestic demand and promote economic growth. A large-scale increase in central investment is the most direct, powerful and effective means to deal with the international financial crisis and make up for the lack of effective demand. The introduction of the 4trillion yuan investment plan has rapidly stimulated market demand, stabilized confidence in all aspects, won time for continuously enriching and improving the package plan and achieving the growth guarantee goal, and also created conditions for the sustainable development of private investment

according to the requirements of Zhongfa [2008] No. 18 document, the investment plan of 4trillion yuan focuses on seven aspects, including accelerating the construction of affordable housing, accelerating the construction of rural livelihood projects and infrastructure, accelerating the construction of major infrastructure such as railways, highways, airports, water conservancy and urban power transformation, accelerating the development of social undertakings such as health care, education, culture, and accelerating the construction of energy conservation and emission reduction and ecological projects, Accelerate independent innovation and structural adjustment, and accelerate post disaster recovery and reconstruction. These investment directions highlight the strengthening of "three partnerships with customers and resin suppliers" and the improvement of people's livelihood, the alleviation of infrastructure bottlenecks and the acceleration of social development, the promotion of structural adjustment and the transformation of development mode, and the preference to the central and western regions and poverty-stricken areas. These areas are urgently needed by the broad masses of the people in production and life. They are areas where social benefits are higher than economic benefits and market mechanisms are difficult to give full play to. They are also areas where the central government plays a leading role in structural adjustment. Increasing central investment in these areas is not only conducive to stabilizing the current growth, but also conducive to optimizing the investment structure and enhancing the momentum of development. It is "promoting benefits with the people" rather than "competing for benefits with the people"

second, the implementation of the 4trillion yuan investment plan will not crowd out the sources of funds of private enterprises. While implementing the proactive fiscal policy, the moderately loose monetary policy has provided a strong guarantee for the sources of funds of all investment entities. In the first nine months, new loans reached 8.67 trillion yuan, an increase of 5.19 trillion yuan year-on-year. The paid in capital of urban fixed asset investment increased by 39.4%, which has been higher than the investment growth rate since the beginning of the year. Due to sufficient money supply and basically stable interest rates, the borrowing costs of private enterprises did not rise. Since this year, the bank has focused on increasing support for small and medium-sized enterprises. In the first half of the year, SME loans accounted for 54.3% of all corporate loans, an increase of 24.1% over the beginning of the year, 1.5 percentage points higher than the average growth rate of all corporate loans

from the implementation effect of the 4trillion yuan investment plan, the substantial increase in government investment actually led and driven the growth of private investment. In the first nine months, non-state-owned investment in cities and towns increased by 29.5%, showing a steady upward trend, up 9.2 percentage points from the beginning of the year. In addition, real estate investment, which reflects the activity of private investment, also continued to rebound. In the first nine months, real estate investment increased by 17.7%, a sharp rebound from the beginning of the year

Q: at present, the living environment of the private economy has not been significantly improved. If private investment is weak, government investment will be unsustainable. What are the next steps to be taken to encourage and promote private investment and promote the steady growth of investment in the whole society

answer: first, constantly enrich and improve the 4trillion yuan investment plan, and continue to increase support for small and medium-sized enterprises. According to the requirements of the State Council, the central government, together with relevant departments, has carefully organized and arranged 3billion yuan of central investment to support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, focusing on supporting industrial small and medium-sized enterprises to carry out technological transformation around improving independent innovation capacity, promoting energy conservation and emission reduction, improving product quality, and improving production safety conditions. At the same time, we should improve the policy and legal system to create an open and fair market environment and legal environment for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. Effectively alleviate the financing difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises, and implement differentiated regulatory policies for commercial banks to carry out small and medium-sized enterprise credit business. We will accelerate the technological progress and structural adjustment of small and medium-sized enterprises, and accelerate the construction of public service platforms for small and medium-sized enterprises, entrepreneurial bases for small enterprises, and information service networks for small and medium-sized enterprises

second, we should speed up the introduction of measures and opinions to encourage and promote private investment. We will introduce policies and measures to encourage and promote private investment in expanding the scope of market access, promoting structural adjustment and the rational flow of private capital, increasing government support, creating a good investment environment, and strengthening services and guidance

third, we should further manage and make good use of central investment and give full play to the guiding and driving role of central investment. Constantly optimize the central investment structure, adhere to overall planning and give priority to key points. Central investment should further tilt towards weak links in economic and social development, such as people's livelihood, independent innovation, energy conservation and environmental protection, and regional coordinated development, so as to promote structural adjustment and the transformation of development mode. Pay close attention to the construction of central investment projects, strictly implement the capital construction procedures and the project capital system, strictly supervise the projects, ensure the construction quality and capital safety, and give full play to the investment effect as soon as possible. We will resolutely curb overcapacity and redundant construction in some industries. We should also strengthen guidance and regulation for the development of emerging industries to prevent mass action. We will give further play to the leading role of central investment, support and guide private capital to invest in areas encouraged by the government and in line with national industrial policies, and widely participate in various livelihood projects, infrastructure and ecological environment construction

note: the reprinted content is indicated with the source. The reprint is for the purpose of transmitting more information, and does not mean to agree with its views or confirm the authenticity of its content

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI